Bio

Biography of Shaykh Abdallah Bin Bayyah

 

Shaykh Abdullah Bin Bayyah was born in 1935 in the East of Mauritania. He is a scholar who grew up in a house known for its scholarship; his father Shaykh Mahfoudh Ben Bayah, may God have mercy on him, was one of the region’s eminent scholars and the head of the Conference of Mauritanian Scholars established after the country’s independence.

He studied in the Mauritanian centers of learning known as Mahadhir especially the school of his father Shaykh Mahfoudh Ben Bayah in which all the sacred sciences were taught including: jurisprudence, legal theory, syntax, language, rhetoric, Quranic exegesis and its auxiliary sciences, and the science of Prophetic tradition.

He was able to progress rapidly in these sciences and was successful in the exam set by the Judiciary after independence.

He was sent to study law at the Faculty of Law in Tunisia and was trained in the Tunisian courts in 1961. Twelve judges were chosen and each of them presented a research paper in Juristic method and law and Abdullah Bin Bayyah was first in his group.

Positions

  • Judge at the High Court of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Head of Shariah Affairs at the Ministry of Justice
  • Deputy president of the Court of Appeal
  • Main negotiator on Religious Affairs in the Republic
  • First Minister for Islamic Affairs and Education
  • Minister of Justice and Official Holder of the Seals
  • Minister Of State for human Resources – with the position of Deputy Prime Minister
  • Minister of State for Directing state affairs, organizations and parties (which included overseeing the Ministry of Information and Culture, the Ministry of Youth & Sport, the Ministry of Islamic affairs, the Ministry of Postal Services and Communication
  • Permanent Trustee for the Ruling Mauritanian People’s Party
  • Member of the Cabinet and the Permanent Committee of the Ruling Mauritanian People’s Party from 1970-1978

He participated in many conferences among the most important was the First Summit Conference of Muslim States, which was held in Rabat, and the First conference which established the Organization of Islamic Conference In Jeddah, he attended a conference in Algeria, the African-Arab Summit Conference in Cairo, participated in the conference of French Speaking Lawyers in France during the 60s, and he oversaw the first African Conference for the Muslim League held in Nouakchott.

Writings

  • Terrorism: a Diagnosis and Solutions
  • The Discourse of Security in Islam and the Culture of Tolerance and Harmony
  • Fatwas and Reflections
  • The Art of Formulating Fatwas (Legal Opinions) and Minority Fiqh (the Jurisprudence Pertaining to Muslim Minorities)
  • A Dialogue from Afar: on human rights
  • A book on legal methodology
  • A clarification on the various legal opinions pertaining to financial transactions
  • The Benefits of Endowments
  • Evidence for those suffering from illnesses on the immense Divine award that awaits them
  • Aims and their Proof

 

Responsibilities and Positions

  • Director of the Global Center for Renewal & Guidance, UK
  • Member of the European Research & Fatwa Council, Irelandt
  • Member if the Association of Indian Jurists, Delhi
  • Member of The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, Jordan
  • Member of the Counsel of Jurists attached to the Organisation of Islamic Conference, Jeddah
  • Member of the Specialist Panel presiding over the Prince Naif ben Abdul Aziz prize for Prophetic Traditions and Islamic Studies
  • Member of the Muslim League’s International High Council of Mosques, Mecca
  • Member of the International Aid Organisation of Kuwait
  • Member of the Lecturing Staff at the King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah in which he is a lecturer
  • Member of the High Council in the Centre for Studying the Aims of Sharia, UK

 

Medals and Awards

  • Awarded the King Abdul Aziz Medal with the Rank of Distinction
  • Awarded the Jordanian Medal First Degree
  • Awarded the King Abdullah II of Jordan Prize for Scholars and Callers to God, Jordan
  • The Degree of the Organisation of Islamic Conference with Distinction, and others
  • Awarded the Chinguetti Prize for the Category of Islamic Studies for his book “A Dialogue from Afar”

 

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